Economy of Tajikistan
Population: 9.10 M (2018)
GDP per Capita: 827 USD (2018)
7,520 M.

GDP USD

(2018)

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1,130 M.

EXPORTS USD

(2017)

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2,930 M.

IMPORTS USD

(2017)

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50.39 %

PUBLIC DEBT

(2017)

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Data is provided by World Bank, FMI and Central Banks.

GDP and Economic Growth

Indicator Value
Economic Growth 7.30 % (2018)
GDP of 2010 USD USD 9.80 B. (2018)
GDP Current USD USD 7.52 B. (2018)
GDP per Capita Current USD USD 827 (2018)
GDP per capita, PPP USD 3,061 (2018)
GDP per Capita, 2010 USD USD 1,073 (2018)

Government spending and balances

Indicator Value
Government Spending % GDP 17.83 % (2017)
Government Spending USD 1.28 B. (2017)
Government Debt % GDP 50.39 % (2017)

International Trade and Investment

Indicator Value
Terms of Trade Base Year 2000 95.29 (2018)
Trade Openness 56.64 % (2017)
Exports of Goods and Services % GDP 15.72 % (2017)
Exports Goods & Services USD 1.13 B. (2017)
Exports Annual Growth 1.00 % (2012)
Imports as % GDP 40.92 % (2017)
Total Imports USD 2.93 B. (2017)
Foreign Direct Investment % GDP 2.94 % (2018)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 0.22 B. (2018)
Current Account Balance % GDP USD -5.03 % (2018)
Current Account Balance USD -0.38 B. (2018)
Trade Balance % GDP % (2018)
Trade Balance USD -2.10 B. (2018)
Foreign Exchange Reserves incl Gold USD 1.28 B. (2018)
Remittances % GDP 29.02 % (2018)
Remittances USD 648 M. (2018)
Balance of Payments USD 229 M. (2013)

Labor Market

Indicator Value
Labor Force 2.56 M. (2019)
Unemployment Rate 11.08 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Females 9.94 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Males 11.66 % (2019)
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24) 20.96 % (2019)
Labor Force Participation Rate 43.64 % (2019)
Labor Force (Percent Female) 37.35 % (2019)
Female Labor Force Participation Rate 27.68 % (2019)
Male Labor Force Participation Rate 59.89 % (2019)
Dependent People 66.13 % (2018)

Agriculture Sector

Indicator Value
Forest Area 3.00 % (2016)
Forest Area km² 4,124 km² (2016)
Agricultural Land 34.14 % (2016)
Agricultural Land km² 47,380 km² (2016)
Employment 50.83 % (2019)
Value added % GDP 19.20 % (2018)
Agriculture Value added USD 1.44 B. (2018)
Crop Production Index 160.50 (2016)
Precipitation 691 mm (2014)
Arable Land 5 % (2016)
Cereal Yield 3,459 kg/hectare (2017)
Food production index 156 (2016)
Rural Population 73 % (2018)
Fertilizer use of Arable Land 81 kg/hectare (2016)
Livestock Production Index 128 (2016)
Economy of Tajikistan

According to the World Bank and its latest published data, the economy of the Tajikistan presents a growth rate of 7.30 % (2018) to the previous year.

With a population that reaches 9.10 M (2018) and a gross domestic product of USD 7.52 B. (2018), it translates a Gross Domestic Product per Capita of USD 827 placing its inhabitants on the threshold of an Low-income country (according to the World Bank's updated classification).

Tajikistan also has a workforce of 2.56 M. (2019) with an unemployment rate of 11.08 % (2019), where women represent 9.94 % (2019) and men 11.66 % (2019), the unemployment rate for young people between 15-24 years old stood at 20.96 % (2019). The total number of dependent people stands at 66.13 % (2018).

The central government spent 17.83 % (2017) of its gross domestic product that year, which in absolute terms is USD 1.28 B. (2017). Its consolidated public debt reached 50.39 of its GDP, exceeding the 35% risk limit used by the European Union.

Regarding its international trade, Tajikistan exported USD 1.13 B. (2017), which represents 15.72 % (2017) of its gross domestic product, in that same sense its imports reached USD 2.93 B. (2017) with a direct foreign investment of USD 0.22 B. (2018).

Tajikistan has a forest area of 4,124 km² (2016), which represents 3.00 % (2016) of its total area, an average rainfall of 691 mm (2014) per year and a population of 73 % (2018) living in rural areas. With a total area of 47,380 km² (2016) available for agriculture and 50.83 % (2019) of its employments, the agricultural sector contributes to the economy of the Tajikistan about USD 1.44 B. (2018) (19.20 % (2018) of its GDP).