Economy of Indonesia
Population: 267.66 M (2018)
GDP per Capita: 3,894 USD (2018)
1,042 B.

GDP USD

(2018)

Display Chart
218,500 M.

EXPORTS USD

(2018)

Display Chart
229,860 M.

IMPORTS USD

(2018)

Display Chart
29.80 %

PUBLIC DEBT

(2018)

Display Chart
Data is provided by World Bank, FMI and Central Banks.

GDP and Economic Growth

Indicator Value
Economic Growth 5.17 % (2018)
GDP of 2010 USD USD 1,146.80 B. (2018)
GDP Current USD USD 1,042.17 B. (2018)
GDP per Capita Current USD USD 3,894 (2018)
GDP per capita, PPP USD 11,606 (2018)
GDP per Capita, 2010 USD USD 4,285 (2018)

Government spending and balances

Indicator Value
Government Spending % GDP 8.98 % (2018)
Government Spending USD 93.60 B. (2018)
Government Debt % GDP 29.80 % (2018)

International Trade and Investment

Indicator Value
Terms of Trade Base Year 2000 123.50 (2018)
Trade Openness 43.02 % (2018)
Exports of Goods and Services % GDP 20.97 % (2018)
Exports Goods & Services USD 218.50 B. (2018)
Exports Annual Growth 6.48 % (2018)
Imports as % GDP 22.06 % (2018)
Total Imports USD 229.86 B. (2018)
Foreign Direct Investment % GDP 1.89 % (2018)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 20.01 B. (2018)
Current Account Balance % GDP USD -2.98 % (2018)
Current Account Balance USD -31.05 B. (2018)
Trade Balance % GDP -1.09 % (2018)
Trade Balance USD -7.51 B. (2018)
Foreign Exchange Reserves incl Gold USD 120.66 B. (2018)
Remittances % GDP 1.08 % (2018)
Remittances USD 10,974 M. (2018)
Balance of Payments USD 625 M. (2006)

Labor Market

Indicator Value
Labor Force 133.95 M. (2019)
Unemployment Rate 4.38 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Females 4.51 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Males 4.80 % (2019)
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24) 16.15 % (2019)
Labor Force Participation Rate 67.08 % (2019)
Labor Force (Percent Female) 39.28 % (2019)
Female Labor Force Participation Rate 52.31 % (2019)
Male Labor Force Participation Rate 81.83 % (2019)
Dependent People 47.95 % (2018)

Agriculture Sector

Indicator Value
Forest Area 49.90 % (2016)
Forest Area km² 903,256 km² (2016)
Agricultural Land 31.46 % (2016)
Agricultural Land km² 570,000 km² (2016)
Employment 30.26 % (2019)
Value added % GDP 12.81 % (2018)
Agriculture Value added USD 133.48 B. (2018)
Crop Production Index 142.90 (2016)
Precipitation 2,702 mm (2014)
Arable Land 13 % (2016)
Cereal Yield 5,166 kg/hectare (2017)
Food production index 145 (2016)
Rural Population 45 % (2018)
Fertilizer use of Arable Land 231 kg/hectare (2016)
Livestock Production Index 145 (2016)
Economy of Indonesia

According to the World Bank and its latest published data, the economy of the Indonesia presents a growth rate of 5.17 % (2018) to the previous year.

With a population that reaches 267.66 M (2018) and a gross domestic product of USD 1,042.17 B. (2018), it translates a Gross Domestic Product per Capita of USD 3,894 placing its inhabitants on the threshold of an Lower middle income country (according to the World Bank's updated classification).

Indonesia also has a workforce of 133.95 M. (2019) with an unemployment rate of 4.38 % (2019), where women represent 4.51 % (2019) and men 4.80 % (2019), the unemployment rate for young people between 15-24 years old stood at 16.15 % (2019). The total number of dependent people stands at 47.95 % (2018).

The central government spent 8.98 % (2018) of its gross domestic product that year, which in absolute terms is USD 93.60 B. (2018). Its consolidated public debt reached 29.80 of its GDP, not exceeding the 35% risk limit used by the European Union.

Regarding its international trade, Indonesia exported USD 218.50 B. (2018), which represents 20.97 % (2018) of its gross domestic product, in that same sense its imports reached USD 229.86 B. (2018) with a direct foreign investment of USD 20.01 B. (2018).

Indonesia has a forest area of 903,256 km² (2016), which represents 49.90 % (2016) of its total area, an average rainfall of 2,702 mm (2014) per year and a population of 45 % (2018) living in rural areas. With a total area of 570,000 km² (2016) available for agriculture and 30.26 % (2019) of its employments, the agricultural sector contributes to the economy of the Indonesia about USD 133.48 B. (2018) (12.81 % (2018) of its GDP).