Economy of Afghanistan
Population: 37.17 M (2018)
GDP per Capita: 521 USD (2018)
19,360 M.

GDP USD

(2018)

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1,190 M.

EXPORTS USD

(2017)

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9,150 M.

IMPORTS USD

(2017)

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6.89 %

PUBLIC DEBT

(2018)

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Data is provided by World Bank, FMI and Central Banks.

GDP and Economic Growth

Indicator Value
Economic Growth 1.03 % (2018)
GDP of 2010 USD USD 21.00 B. (2018)
GDP Current USD USD 19.36 B. (2018)
GDP per Capita Current USD USD 521 (2018)
GDP per capita, PPP USD 1,735 (2018)
GDP per Capita, 2010 USD USD 564 (2018)

Government spending and balances

Indicator Value
Government Spending % GDP 12.57 % (2017)
Government Spending USD 2.54 B. (2017)
Government Debt % GDP 6.89 % (2018)

International Trade and Investment

Indicator Value
Terms of Trade Base Year 2000 165.10 (2018)
Trade Openness 51.24 % (2017)
Exports of Goods and Services % GDP 5.90 % (2017)
Exports Goods & Services USD 1.19 B. (2017)
Exports Annual Growth Afghanistan
Imports as % GDP 45.33 % (2017)
Total Imports USD 9.15 B. (2017)
Foreign Direct Investment % GDP 0.62 % (2018)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 0.14 B. (2018)
Current Account Balance % GDP USD -18.87 % (2018)
Current Account Balance USD -3.65 B. (2018)
Trade Balance % GDP % (2018)
Trade Balance USD -6.37 B. (2018)
Foreign Exchange Reserves incl Gold USD 8.21 B. (2018)
Remittances % GDP 1.99 % (2018)
Remittances USD 694 M. (2018)
Balance of Payments USD 2,892 M. (2018)

Labor Market

Indicator Value
Labor Force 14.45 M. (2019)
Unemployment Rate 1.52 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Females 14.00 % (2019)
Unemployment Rate Males 10.33 % (2019)
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24) 2.60 % (2019)
Labor Force Participation Rate 66.03 % (2019)
Labor Force (Percent Female) 21.45 % (2019)
Female Labor Force Participation Rate 48.85 % (2019)
Male Labor Force Participation Rate 82.13 % (2019)
Dependent People 84.08 % (2018)

Agriculture Sector

Indicator Value
Forest Area 2.10 % (2016)
Forest Area km² 13,500 km² (2016)
Agricultural Land 58.07 % (2016)
Agricultural Land km² 379,100 km² (2016)
Employment 38.32 % (2019)
Value added % GDP 20.47 % (2017)
Agriculture Value added USD 4.13 B. (2017)
Crop Production Index 148.00 (2016)
Precipitation 327 mm (2014)
Arable Land 12 % (2016)
Cereal Yield 2,025 kg/hectare (2017)
Food production index 125 (2016)
Rural Population 75 % (2018)
Fertilizer use of Arable Land 12 kg/hectare (2016)
Livestock Production Index 99 (2016)
Economy of Afghanistan

According to the World Bank and its latest published data, the economy of the Afghanistan presents a growth rate of 1.03 % (2018) to the previous year.

With a population that reaches 37.17 M (2018) and a gross domestic product of USD 19.36 B. (2018), it translates a Gross Domestic Product per Capita of USD 521 placing its inhabitants on the threshold of an Low-income country (according to the World Bank's updated classification).

Afghanistan also has a workforce of 14.45 M. (2019) with an unemployment rate of 1.52 % (2019), where women represent 14.00 % (2019) and men 10.33 % (2019), the unemployment rate for young people between 15-24 years old stood at 2.60 % (2019). The total number of dependent people stands at 84.08 % (2018).

The central government spent 12.57 % (2017) of its gross domestic product that year, which in absolute terms is USD 2.54 B. (2017). Its consolidated public debt reached 6.89 of its GDP, not exceeding the 35% risk limit used by the European Union.

Regarding its international trade, Afghanistan exported USD 1.19 B. (2017), which represents 5.90 % (2017) of its gross domestic product, in that same sense its imports reached USD 9.15 B. (2017) with a direct foreign investment of USD 0.14 B. (2018).

Afghanistan has a forest area of 13,500 km² (2016), which represents 2.10 % (2016) of its total area, an average rainfall of 327 mm (2014) per year and a population of 75 % (2018) living in rural areas. With a total area of 379,100 km² (2016) available for agriculture and 38.32 % (2019) of its employments, the agricultural sector contributes to the economy of the Afghanistan about USD 4.13 B. (2017) (20.47 % (2017) of its GDP).